While the government made the registration compulsory in 2006, the national rate of birth registration is only between seven and10 percent, and most children born in the rural areas are still not properly documented.
Botswana (Tier 2) Botswana is a source and destination country for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation.The government did not investigate traditional leaders in the Northern Region suspected of keeping hereditary servants in conditions of involuntary servitude.Trnc authorities provided no specialized training on trafficking; authorities continued to confuse trafficking with prostitution and smuggling.The Serious Crimes Court successfully seized and confiscated 268,115 in traffickers assets and property in 2009.Eight prosecutions based on child trafficking charges filed one or two years ago remained pending, and none resulted in a conviction.Men and women from Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, China, and Thailand migrate to Brunei for domestic or other low-skilled labor but sometimes face conditions of involuntary servitude upon arrival.The MOI also coordinated with IOM to provide counter-trafficking training to officials from INA C and the Ministries of Social Assistance and Reintegration, Justice, and Foreign Affairs.
Another labor market reform limited the number of foreign workers small businesses many sponsor, which the lmra states will cut back on illegal free visa arrangements and other labor abuses.
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The government did not arrest or detain trafficking victims, or prosecute or otherwise penalize identified child victims for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being trafficked.Judge Berzon said Nevada has taken significant steps to limit prostitution, including banning it in Clark County.During the reporting period, acts of forced labor occurred in Eritrea, particularly in connection with the implementation of the countrys national service program.According to one NGO, the only systematic regulation by the government within Austrias sizable, legal commercial sex sector consisted of weekly health checks for sexually transmitted diseases and periodic police checks of registration cards.Therefore, Central African Republic is placed on Tier 2 Watch List for the fifth consecutive year.Prosecutors typically use Articles 104(a) and 217 of the Criminal Code, which prohibit cross border trafficking for the purpose of prostitution, as well as Article 114 of the Aliens Police Act, which contains provisions on alien smuggling, to prosecute traffickers.Despite these overall efforts, the government demonstrated exceptionally inadequate efforts to identify and assist a significant number of victims of forced labor and did not show evidence of progress in investigating, prosecuting, convicting, and punishing complicit officials; therefore, Azerbaijan is placed on Tier 2 Watch.Child sex tourism occurs mostly in urban areas, and in tourist destinations, such as Tena and the Galapagos Islands.The government also reduced its use of suspended sentences and increased penalties for convicted traffickers.In an effort to reduce the demand for commercial sex, courts prosecuted individuals for commercial sexual exploitation of children.The government identified and referred an increased number of trafficking victims for assistance, and police demonstrated an increasingly victim-centered approach to law enforcement efforts.
However, Cambodia does not have a law to regulate the recruitment, placement, and protection of migrant workers, or to provide specific criminal penalties for negligent or exploitative recruitment agencies.
However, when the pimping involves the conduct of a person who is at least 16 but less than 18 years of age, the offense is a felony punishable by imprisonment of or a period of not less than 5 years nor more than 20 years.
The government does not provide legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims to countries where they face hardship or retribution.
While the majority of trafficking occurs within Chinas borders, there are reports that Chinese men, women, and children are subjected to forced prostitution and forced labor in numerous countries and territories worldwide, including the United Kingdom, United States, Germany, Malaysia, Taiwan, Angola, Uganda, Ghana, Zambia.